fire safety in care homes

Care home fire safety

Following fire safety regulations and rules is crucial in any setting, but when it comes to care facilities, it becomes much more critical.

That’s because you’ll be dealing with a large number of sick or old individuals, many of whom may have mobility challenges, as well as the possibility of patients with dementia and other diseases, all of which will make emergency evacuation much more difficult than in a typical facility.

With sufficient and thorough fire safety training, many fire hazards may be avoided or minimised. 

Who is responsible for fire safety in care homes?

In a care home, you can have one responsible person or various responsible people, who can be in charge of assessing the danger of fire on a regular basis and assuring that all reasonable steps are taken to safeguard residents and employees from fire hazards.

It is also important to have regular checks to ascertain that suitable fire detection and suppression systems are in place, and put together fire drills.

The person responsible for fire safety can aso appoint a fire warden and provide suitable fire safety training for employees. Companies like First Attendance specialise in fire safety training for care homes employees who can greatly help streamline this process. 

Fire risk assessments for care homes

Fire risk assessments in care homes follow a process that starts with identifying fire hazards within the complex, followed by identifying anyone at risk. Then, the risk needs to be removed or reduced where possible. Following the risk assessment, care home employees will be offered training. Both the training and risk assessment should be updated every year to ensure the care home stays compliant with the regulations. 

How many fire warden should a care facility have?

Fire wardens are specially trained personnel who are in charge of examining the fire alarms, the emergency exits, extinguishers and lighting that will be available in case of an emergency. 

New employees are being trained on fire safety practices.

Because care homes are high-risk environments, the number of fire wardens required on-site at all times is likely to be larger than for other businesses. There should be at least one warden in a town with less than 15 employees and inhabitants, two for care homes where there are between 15 and 50 people between staff and residents and another fire warden for every additional 50 employees and residents.

Individuals who are assigned fire warden responsibilities inside care homes must be watchful and prepared to safeguard the safety of employees and residents, which is why fire warden training is required.

Fire risks in nursing homes

The unique establishment and how it runs determine the potential dangers in health and social care settings. However, there are a few frequent difficulties that have surfaced; here is a list of instances of care home dangers that should be addressed.

Oxygen for medical purposes

Staff should be aware of the added fire dangers if any of the residents use medicinal oxygen. Rooms containing medical oxygen sources should be maintained away from matches, cigarettes, and lighters, and oxygen cylinders should be kept away from sources of heat and contamination.


Obstacles to pathways will prevent the smooth egress of the building when evacuating a care home, especially for seniors who are unstable on their feet. If carpets and misplaced ornaments/plants are along the evacuation path, they might be a tripping hazard.

Inadequate alarms

An alarm system, which allows residents to summon a nurse, is a standard element in care facilities. These systems should be completely functional not just for medical reasons, but also for the purpose of warning workers in the event of a fire.

Looking for fire safety training for your care home? Get in touch with the team at 1st Attendance or learn more about our fire marshall training courses.